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Your heart rate is the number of times your heart is beating per minute. To accommodate your body's changing need for oxygen, your heart speeds up throughout the day. When you are resting, your heart rate becomes lower. Your heart speeds up when you exercise as it pumps up more blood, enabling oxygen-rich blood to flow easily and reach your muscles.
Measuring Your Heart Rate
If you want to measure the heart rate, simply check the pulse rate. Your heart pumps the blood through your body, creating a pulse that you can feel on the arteries that are closer to the skin's surface. Although there are many parts in your body where you can feel your blood pumping, such as the neck, top of your foot, and even inside the elbow, your wrist is usually the most convenient and reliable place to get a good pulse. When you press lightly with your fingers, you can feel the blood pulsing beneath your fingers. When you feel your pulse, you can count the number of beats in 15 seconds. If you multiply the number, you can calculate the beats per minute.
It is essential to know about your heart rate as it can determine your heart health. When you have a higher resting heart rate, it can be caused due to the sedentary lifestyle, higher blood pressure, and body weight. If you experience an unusually low heart rate, it may indicate an underlying problem regardless of fitness level, and this will augment your level of heart disease and premature death. You should consult a heart doctor in Delhi if your resting heart rate is consistently above 100 beats a minute. If you develop a heart rate below 60 beats a minute, you experience symptoms such as dizziness, fainting, shortness of breath, and chest pain.
Factors That Can Affect Your Heart Rate
A normal heart rate varies for different individuals. Several factors can impact your heart rate, including:
Fitness and exercise levels: The heart is a muscle and is built up by exercise. People who follow many physical movements are extremely athletic and generally have lower heart rates because their hearts are in better condition and don't require to work as tough. In inactive individuals and out of frame, the heart is also out of the frame and has to beat more regularly to satisfy the body's oxygen requirements.
Smoking: The carbon monoxide in cigarette smoke reduces the extent of oxygen in your blood, and the nicotine in cigarettes stimulates your body to develop adrenaline. Both can generate your heart rate to expand. Smoking also enhances blood pressure, which enhances the risk of heart attack or stroke.
Emotions: Stress, restlessness, fear, or intense emotions can boost your heart rate. Chronic stress exposes your body to a continuous overexposure of raised levels of stress hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol, which can enhance your heart rate and the risk of a heart attack. Visit a cardiac hospital in Delhi to find out more about your heart rate.
Body size: Stress can affect your body and heart, and an increase in body weight can stress your body. When your heartbeat is at a higher rate, it is sometimes because of the excess fat, which restricts blood flow through veins and arteries. Also, obesity can cause an abnormal heart rhythm called arrhythmia, which when serious, can result in a heart attack or stroke.
Temperature: To maintain the body's core temperature of 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit, your heart rate will increase or decrease, depending on the temperature. In hot and humid climates, your heart rate increases and pumps more blood to cool your skin's surface. This helps in transferring the heat away from your core. In comparison, the heart rate decreases to preserve your core temperature in cold weather.
Dehydration: Your heart will work harder when you work hard as the body becomes dehydrated after exercise or a lack of fluids. Drink more fluids after the exercise to prevent dehydration.
Caffeine, Nutritional, Drugs, and Herbal Supplements: Caffeine, cocaine, bronchodilators, and certain decongestants stimulate the nervous system to augment your heart rate. You should not take certain supplements without asking your doctor first, as they can interfere with some medications or worsen medical conditions.
Medications: Antidepressants and beta- and calcium channel blockers are taken by heart patients, decreasing the heart rate, while thyroid medications can increase it. You should ask the doctor about their side effects and its effects on your heart rate.
Cardiovascular disease: Low blood sugar in people with diabetes can cause an extremely low heart rate. High cholesterol can result in atherosclerosis in which the arteries become blocked, and the blood flow to the heart becomes clogged, enhancing the risk of heart attack or stroke. Visit the best hospital in Delhi for the treatment of cardiovascular disease.
Age: Your pulse rate and singularity can also change with your age, and this may signify a heart condition.
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