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What are the Causes of Blood in Urine?

What are the Causes of Blood in Urine?

Seeing blood urine in your urine can be frightening for anyone? While this could be harmless in many instances and others, this may create a severe disorder. The visible blood in your urine is called gross hematuria, and blood visible only under a microscope is called microscopic hematuria. You can visit the best Nephrologists in Delhi to determine the reasons for bleeding.

 

Causes of the Bleeding

In hematuria, your kidneys or other parts of your urinary tract enables blood cells to leak into urine.

Some of the issues causing leakage are:

Urinary tract infections: These infections occur when bacteria enter the body through the urethra and advance in your bladder. Some of the symptoms include a persistent urge to urinate, a burning sensation during urination, and strong-smelling urine. In older adults, the only signs of illness may occur when blood is examined under the microscope.

Kidney infections (pyelonephritis): These can happen when the bacteria move into the kidneys from your bloodstream or move from your ureters to your kidneys. The signs and symptoms are mostly similar to bladder infections, though kidney infection can also cause flank pain and fever.

A bladder or kidney stone: Sometimes, the minerals concentrated in the urine form crystals on the walls of your kidneys or bladder. With time, these crystals can form small and hard stones. These stones are generally painless, and you won't even know that you have them until there is a blockage or are being passed. You may even suffer excruciating pain. Kidney or bladder stones can both cause gross and microscopic bleeding.

Enlarged prostate: As men approach middle age, the prostate gland, which is just below the bladder and surrounds the top part of the urethra, often enlarges. This process leads to compression of the urethra, partially blocking urine flow. Signs and symptoms usually include enlarging the prostate, difficulty urinating, persistent need to urinate, and either visible or microscopic blood in the urine. There also could be a sign of infection.

Kidney disease: Glomerulonephritis, an inflammation of the kidneys' filtering system, could be the cause of microscopic urinary bleeding. Glomerulonephritis may be a part of the systemic disease such as diabetes or can even occur independently. Some of the issues that can trigger glomerulonephritis are blood vessel diseases (vasculitis), viral or strep infections, and immune problems such as IgA nephropathy, affecting small capillaries that filter blood in the kidneys. Visit a kidney hospital in Delhi to determine the cause of any kidney disease.

Cancer: Visible urinary bleeding is an indication of bladder, kidney, and prostate cancer. Unfortunately, you may not see any symptoms in the initial stages when these cancers are more treatable.

Inherited disorders: Sickle cell anaemia are a hereditary defect of haemoglobin in red blood cells, which causes blood in the urine.

Kidney injury: If there is any blow or injury to your kidneys from an accident or contact sports, blood in urine can be visible.

Medications: Some of the anti-cancer drugs like cyclophosphamide and penicillin can cause urinary bleeding. If you take an anticoagulant, such as aspirin and the blood thinner heparin, it may also cause your bladder to bleed.

Strenuous exercise: Rarely, strenuous exercises can lead to gross hematuria, and the cause is unknown. This could be due to trauma to the bladder, dehydration, or the breakdown of red blood cells with sustained aerobic exercise.

 

Diagnosis

The following tests and exams play a crucial role in finding a cause for blood in your urine:

Physical examination of the body and analyzing medical history.

Urine tests: Urine testing through urinalysis and imaging tests.

Cystoscopy: A tiny camera will be inserted into your bladder to examine the bladder and urethra for signs of disease.

 

Treatment

Depending on the condition causing your hematuria, the best doctors in Delhi might suggest your antibiotics to clear a urinary tract infection. The medication may also be prescribed to shrink an enlarged prostate or having shock wave therapy to disintegrate bladder or kidney stones. In some cases, no treatments are required. You can follow up with your doctor after treatment to ensure that there is no more blood in your urine.

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