The Department of Renal Sciences at Vimhans Nayati Super Speciality Hospital is committed to offering state of the art diagnostic, treatment and rehabilitation facilities for a wide range of urologic ailments and malignancies including urinary bladder cancer. Listed amongst the top 10 cancers in India, urinary bladder cancer, as the name suggests, originates from the cells of the urinary bladder. The malignancy state gradually and results in the replacement of all the healthy cells with malignant cells.
Bladder cancer usually originates from the urothelial cells which are present on the inner lining of the bladder. Although these cells are also found in the Kidneys and the ureters, the malignancy is most likely to affect the bladder. In the majority of the cases, the cancer is detected at an early stage which makes it quite easier to treat and manage.
Common symptoms associated with urinary bladder cancer:
Some common symptoms associated with bladder cancer include:
- Haematuria or traces of blood in the urine
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Experiencing pain and burning sensation while urinating
- Persistent pain in the back and pelvic area
- Passing dark urine with a pungent smell
What causes bladder cancer?
Bladder cancer is said to be a result of abnormal changes in the DNA of the bladder cells which may be triggered by genetic or environmental factors. These may even be a result of an unhealthy lifestyle.
Factors that increase the risks of bladder cancer
There are a variety of factors that can make you more vulnerable to bladder cancer. These include:
- Increased exposure to toxins and cancer-causing agents
- Chronic bladder infection that is left untreated for long
- Dehydration caused by low water consumption
- Gender, with the cancer being more prevalent in males
- Age (Most likely to affect people above 55 years of age)
- Consumption of food rich in fats
- Having a family history of bladder cancer
- Undergoing chemo or radiation therapy to treat any other cancer in the pelvic area
State of the art diagnostic procedures offered at Vimhans Nayati:
- Urinalysis – It refers to the thorough examination of the patient’s urine sample
- Physical examination – This is done by inserting a well-lubricated and gloved finger via the vagina or rectum, so as to feel the presence of any mass or lump
- Cystoscopy – The procedure is performed by inserting a long, narrow tube via the urethra, so as to examine the bladder. The cystoscope has a camera on one of its ends that helps to generate live and detailed images of the bladder and surrounding structures.
- Biopsy – This involves the collection of a small sample of tissue from the bladder, which is then examined thoroughly to check for the signs of any malignancy.
Doctors may also suggest other imaging modalities like x-rays and computed tomography i.e. CT scan.
Treatment facilities available at Vimhans Nayati:
Bladder cancer treatment depends upon various factors, the most important of which is the stage of cancer. The malignancy is divided into the following 5 stages:
Stage 0 - Cancer is strictly localised and has not spread to the lining of the bladder.
Stage I - Cancer has reached the lining of the bladder but has not crossed the muscle layer yet.
Stage II - Cancer has spread across the muscles
Stage III - Cancer has spread to the surrounding tissues.
Stage IV - Cancer has metastasized to the nearby organs
Depending upon the stage of cancer, our experts may suggest any of the following treatments or a combination of 2 or more of these:
- Surgery to remove the cancerous cells
- Chemotherapy, either intravesical or systemic, to target the cells that could not be removed surgically, as well as to shrink the size of the tumour.
- Radiation therapy, to target and destroy the malignant cells
- Immunotherapy, to boost the body’s immunity to fight malignant cells