The Centre of Excellence for Neurosciences at Vimhans Nayati Super Speciality Hospital is dedicated to offering precision-based surgical options for treating a wide range of neurological conditions. The centre adheres to up-to-date advancements and innovation to set the highest benchmarks of quality when it comes to patient care. It is managed by an expert team of the top neurosurgeons in the country with years of experience in the field.
Neurosurgery is a collective term used for various invasive treatments that aim at addressing the problems of the nervous system that includes the brain, spinal cord, cerebrovascular system, central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. Surgery is usually recommended in case of complex neurological conditions that are not responding well to other non-invasive measures like medications, therapies and lifestyle changes.
Various procedures offered
The state-of-the-art procedures offered at Vimhans Nayati under the Centre of Excellence for Neurosciences include:
- Cerebrovascular Surgery – The surgical procedure aims at repairing the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood to the brain. Vimhans experts specialize in treating a wide spectrum of cerebrovascular conditions in both adults, as well as children. These include
- Ischemic stroke
- Haemorrhagic stroke
- Cavernous malfunction
- Cerebral aneurysms
- Cerebral arteriovenous malformation
- Spinal arteriovenous malformation
- Cerebral/spinal Dural arteriovenous fistulas
- Carotid dissection
- Venous stenosis
- Trigeminal neuralgia
- Hemifacial Spasm
- Deep brain stimulation – A new-age procedure that has revolutionised neurological interventions, DBS or deep brain stimulation involves the surgical implantation of a neurotransmitter in the patient’s chest which is connected to a set of electrodes placed in the patient’s brain with the help of conducting wires. The neurotransmitter generates electrical pulses that help to control brain activity. DBS not only helps to alleviate the symptoms but also slows down the rate at which the disease is progressing. The intensity of the device can be adjusted as per the special needs of the patient. Deep brain stimulation has proved to be quite effective in helping patients suffering from Dystonia, Epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, tremors, obsessive-compulsive disorder, cluster headaches, dementia, depression and Huntington’s disease.
- Brain haemorrhage surgery - Also known as a brain bleed or intracranial haemorrhage, the condition is triggered by the rupturing or bursting of an artery in the brain that results in localized blood leaks. This leads to a deficiency of oxygenated blood in the brain, which eventually results in the death of the brain cells. Surgery can help to treat the ruptured artery and restore the normal flow of blood to the brain. However, the type of surgery may vary depending upon the location as well as the extent of haemorrhage.
- Epilepsy surgery - With a prevalence of 3.0 to 11.9 in a population of 1000, epilepsy is a neurological disorder that triggers uncontrollable seizures accompanied by unusual behaviour. Epilepsy can be a result of many factors that include traumatic brain injury, stroke, brain tumours, an underlying medical condition like Dementia or Alzheimer's, drug abuse and scarring. Epilepsy can affect people of all age groups and gender. The main goal of the surgery is to help the patient lead a better life.
- Brain tumour surgery - Brain tumours are small lumps or masses formed by the accumulation of unhealthy cells and tissues in the brain. Brain tumours can be cancerous or non-cancerous. The former is commonly known as a malignant tumour. These are quite aggressive in nature and can even prove to be life-threatening if not treated immediately. Non-cancerous brain tumours, also known as benign brain tumours, on the other hand, are not aggressive and can even be left untreated if these are not interfering with the patient's overall well-being or inducing any major symptom. Surgery helps to remove the tumours and is often accompanied by chemotherapy or radiation therapy for better results.
- Brachial Plexus Surgery - Brachial Plexus refers to the network of nerves that transmit signals from the spine to the upper limbs. Brachial Plexus injuries can lead to permanent weakness or even disability making it difficult for the patients to use their upper limbs. Surgery aims at repairing the damage and restoring normal function. The procedure is quite complex and requires immense expertise.
- Keyhole brain surgery – The procedure is also known as retro-sigmoid craniotomy. As the name suggests, it is a minimally invasive procedure that is performed to remove brain tumours. The procedure enables the surgeon to extract skull base tumours via tiny keyhole incisions, which are made behind the ear. This helps to access the cerebellum and brain stem without the need for a larger incision.
- Skull base surgery – The surgery is minimally invasive and involves the use of an endoscope. The surgery can be performed for removing tumours, as well as, for treating abnormalities in the underside of the brain. The area is quite difficult to access with the help of conventional surgery.