About Spine Deformity
The Center of Spine Surgery at Vimhans Nayati Super Speciality Hospital is committed to offering world-class surgical modalities to address a wide spectrum of spine deformities in both adults as well as children. Spine deformities, as the name suggests, are structural anomalies marked by the abnormal alignment of the vertebral column. While some of these can be congenital, others can be a result of age-related wear and tear, a side effect of a previous surgery etc. The condition can be quite painful and can be easily treated with the help of surgery combined with medication and physical therapy.
The aim of the surgery is to
- Alleviate the pain
- Restore normal alignment
- Relieve pressure on organs like the heart and lungs
- Halt or slow down the progress of the deformity
Types of Spine Deformities
The spine provides structure and support to our body and offers optimal flexibility for free movement. Normally, a spine has 3 curves – Lordosis, Kyphosis and Cervical Lordosis.
- Lordotic curve, i.e. the inward curve in the lower spine
- Kyphotic curve, i.e. the outward curve in the mid spine
- Cervical lordotic curve, i.e. the gentle curve in the upper spine
Depending upon the area of the spine affected, spine deformities can be categorized in the following 3 types:
• Lordosis – Commonly known as swayback, the condition is marked by significant inward arching of the lordotic curve. This leads to excess pressure on the spinal column which can eventually hamper your ability to move. The treatment varies from one patient to another depending upon the extent of the curve and what caused it.
Common causes of lordosis include:
- Excessive body weight or obesity
• Kyphosis – Commonly known as a hunchback, the condition is marked by significant outward arching of the kyphotic curve, beyond 50 degrees. Kyphosis can affect people of any age group and especially older women. Although mild kyphosis does not induce any major symptoms, severe kyphosis can lead to immense pain and stiffness.
Common causes of kyphosis include:
- Degeneration of disk
- Scheuermann’s disease
- Congenital anomalies
- Certain cancers and their treatment
• Scoliosis – The condition is marked by an abnormal curvature in the spine along the coronal plane i.e. a sideways curve in the spine, which may be shaped like S or C. The extent of the curve varies from one person to another and the same goes for the symptoms. Scoliosis can be progressive in some cases and can lead to physical disability. While some people might not need any treatment at all, others may even require surgery.
Common causes of scoliosis include:
- Cerebral Palsy
- Muscular dystrophy
- Spina bifida
- Spinal injuries or trauma
- Severe infections involving the spine
Spine deformity surgeries offered at Vimhans Nayati Hospital
• Osteotomy, also known as posterior column osteotomy or PCO
• Pedicle subtraction osteotomy or PSO
• Vertebral column resection or VCR
• Spinopelvic fixation