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Endoscopic Discectomy - Lumbar and Cervical

Endoscopic Discectomy - Lumbar and Cervical

About Endoscopic Discectomy

The Department of Spine Surgery at Vimhans Nayati Hospital is a centre of excellence offering a wide spectrum of up-to-the-minute surgical procedures like endoscopic discectomy. The procedure is usually performed to address problems like herniated disc and low back pain. It is the least invasive approach to remove herniated disc material from the spine so as to relieve pain and other symptoms. Unlike the conventional sign surgeries that are followed by months of recovery, endoscopic discectomy is followed by a significantly shorter recovery period.

The procedure comes with a lot of benefits that include:

  • Minimal risk of infection
  • Reduced blood loss
  • Faster recovery
  • Shorter procedural time
  • Less scarring
  • Minimal to no risks of complications from anaesthesia.

Conditions that can be treated by Endoscopic Discectomy

  • Spinal stenosis - The condition is marked by the narrowing of spaces within the spine which can put unnecessary pressure on the spinal nerves passing through them. This is more likely to happen in the back and cervical area. While some people may experience chronic pain and weakness, others might not experience any symptom at all. The condition is usually progressive and triggered by wear and tear caused by degenerative diseases like osteoarthritis. Depending upon the area of the spine affected, spinal stenosis can be categorised into the following:
  • Cervical stenosis, which affects the spine in your neck
  • Lumbar stenosis, which affects the portion of the spine in the lower back
  • Foraminal stenosis – The condition is marked by the narrowing of the foramen i.e. tiny opening present between the spinal bones. The foramen serves as a passage for the nerves coming from the spinal cord. As a result of the narrowing of the foramen, the nerves can get pinches, thereby leading to radiculopathy. The condition is very common and more likely to affect elderlies.

Common causes of Foraminal stenosis include:

  • Degenerative disease like arthritis
  • Age-related wear and tear
  • Chronic spinal injury or trauma
  • Spinal cysts or tumours
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Bone diseases
  • Certain genetic conditions
  • Bulging disc - It is a very common condition triggered by the slipping of a disc from its normal position which causes the outward bulging of the spine. The condition is progressive which means that the symptoms worsen with time. These include:
  • Tingling sensation in the limbs, fingers, neck and shoulder
  • Persistent pain in the lower limbs and spine
  • Inability to walk
  • Inability to lift or hold things
  • Degenerative disc disease - As the name suggests, the condition is marked by the gradual wear down of the spinal discs. It is one of the leading causes of lower back pain and neck pain. The condition is often accompanied by weakness, numbness and sharp pain in the limbs. If left untreated, degenerative disc disease can give rise to other spinal complications of conditions that include:
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Spinal osteoarthritis
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Scoliosis
  • Spondylolisthesis - The condition specifically affects the lower vertebral column and is marked by the forward slip of the lower vertebrae. The condition triggers immense pain and can be treated with surgery and therapies. Common symptoms associated with spondylolisthesis include:
  • Persistent back pain in the lumbar region
  • Stiffness in the back and lower limbs
  • Thigh pain
  • Tightening of the hamstrings and buttock muscles
  • Bone spurs - Also known as osteophytes, these are hard bony outgrowths that develop along the edges of the bones, especially around the joints. While most bone spurs do not trigger any major symptoms, others can be quite painful. Common symptoms associated with bone spurs include:
  • Pain and stiffness in the affected joint
  • Numbness or tingling sensation in the limbs
  • Muscles spasms or cramps
  • Tiny bumps under your skin which can be felt easily

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