The Department of Neurosciences at Vimhans Nayati is a center of expertise offering up to the minute facilities for the effective treatment and management of a wide spectrum of neurological conditions including Cerebral Palsy. We constantly strive towards improving the quality of the patient’s life and adhere to very strict benchmarks when it comes to the quality of patient care. Triggered by severe damage or trauma to the immature brain during its development, Cerebral palsy is not a single disorder but a group of disorders that affect the muscle tone leading to abnormal posture, impaired movement, muscle rigidity, impaired reflexes, involuntary movements. The patient is likely to experience any one of these or even a combination.
Earlier, it was believed that cerebral palsy is triggered by complications during delivery, however, birth complications only account for only 10 percent of the cases.
Symptoms associated with Cerebral palsy
Signs and symptoms of cerebral palsy differ from one person to another. The condition majorly triggers problems with movement and coordination and triggers the following problems:
- Muscle tone variation caused by muscle stiffness
- Muscle stiffness accompanied by spasticity or increased reflexes
- Muscle rigidity
- Ataxia or loss of balance and coordination
- Recurrent tremors
- Slowing down of movements
- Delayed motor skills
- Dragging leg movement
- Inability to walk normally due to asymmetrical gait
- Drooling excessively
- Difficulty with swallowing food.
- Late speech development
- Inability to learn or recall things
Cerebral palsy can affect your body as a whole and is not limited to a particular part of the body. The symptoms do not usually worsen with age but are still quite prominent. However, as the child ages, there is a possibility that the symptoms may become less severe. Apart from the above-mentioned symptoms, it is important to understand that brain abnormalities triggered by cerebral palsy can give rise to other neurological problems like oral diseases, urinary incontinence, intellectual disabilities etc.
What causes Cerebral palsy?
Cerebral palsy can be a result of any of the following:
- Abnormal gene mutations that interfere with the normal development of the brain
- Maternal infections
- Fetal stroke caused by the obstructed blood supply to the growing fetus
- Internal bleeding in the brain
- Chronic infections that cause the inflammation of the brain
- Head injury or trauma suffered in an accident
- Alleviated or curtailed oxygen supply to the brain
Potential risk factors associated with Cerebral palsy
There are a variety of factors that can increase the risks of cerebral palsy. These include:
- Maternal health issue – If the expecting mother is suffering from any of the following ailments, the baby growing inside of her is much more vulnerable to cerebral palsy.
- German measles or Rubella
- Zika virus infection
- Childhood illness – This includes diseases like
- Bacterial meningitis
- Viral encephalitis
- Untreated jaundice
- Stroke in womb
- Other factors m- These include the following:
- Low birth weight
- Multiple child-births
- Premature birth
State of the art diagnostic procedures offered at Vimhans Nayati
At Vimhans Nayati, we offer a plethora of procedures for the precise diagnosis and evaluation of cerebral palsy. These include:
- Magnetic resonance imaging or MRI scan to detect any lesions or abnormalities in the brain.
- Cranial ultrasound, which uses high-frequency sound waves to generate images of the brain.
- Electroencephalogram or EEG, that uses special electrodes to assess the electrical activity of your child’s brain. This is usually recommended in case of seizures.
- Urine and blood screenings for detecting problems with genes and metabolism
- Psychological and physical assessment to evaluate your child’s vision, hearing, speech, intellect, movement etc.
Treatment procedures offered at Vimhans Nayati
Cutting-edge treatments offered at Vimhans Nayati for the management of cerebral palsy include:
- Medications - Muscle relaxants are given orally or intravenously so as to relax the muscles and reduce muscle rigidity. Drugs like Baclofen may also be pumped into the spinal cord with the help of a tube that is surgically implanted under the skin in the abdominal cavity. Medication may also be given to reduce drooling and other symptoms.
- Therapies – These include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy and recreational therapy, all of which aim at improving the quality of the patient’s life and help to alleviate the symptoms.
- Surgical interventions – These include orthopaedic surgery to correct the deformities as well as to align the muscles and tendons. We also offer selective dorsal rhizotomy to reduce muscle spasticity and reduce the pain and discomfort triggered by it.