The Department of Neurosurgery at Vimhans Nayati Super Speciality Hospital is the leading pioneer of innovation and technology, primarily dedicated to offering cutting-edge surgical options for the management of various neurologic conditions that cannot be treated by simple medication and therapies. The department is managed by nationally and internationally acclaimed neurosurgeons who specialise in a wide range of invasive medical procedures like brain haemorrhage surgery. Brain haemorrhage is a condition marked by bleeding in the brain that may be triggered by a traumatic injury or an underlying medical condition.
Also known as a brain bleed or intracranial haemorrhage, the condition can cause compression and severely damage the brain tissues. Hence timely medical intervention is a must to avoid unnecessary complications which can even pose a threat to the patient's life.
Depending upon the area that has been affected by the bleeding, brain haemorrhage is classified into the following 4 types:
- Intracerebral haemorrhage, marked by bleeding inside the brain
- Subarachnoid haemorrhage, marked by bleeding between the brain and the membranes surrounding it
- Subdural haemorrhage, marked by bleeding between the inner layer of the dura and above the brain.
- Epidural haemorrhage, marked by between the skull and the brain.
Symptoms associated with Brain Haemorrhage
The symptoms associated with brain haemorrhage can vary from person to person depending upon the underlying cause as well as the age of the patient. Some of the common symptoms associated with brain haemorrhage include:
- Chronic bouts of headache
- Inability to speak or swallow food properly
- Vision problems
- Lack of balance and coordination
- Confusion and chaos marked by the inability to understand what is happening around
- Fatigue and general body weakness
Causes of Brain Haemorrhage
A brain haemorrhage can be triggered by multiple factors that include:
- Severe blow, head trauma or injury sustained in an accident
- Cerebral aneurysm i.e. a bulge in the brain artery
- Hypertension caused by uncontrolled blood pressure
- Structural and functional anomalies in blood vessels
- Persisting bleeding disorders
- Chronic liver disease or ailment that has progressed to an advanced stage
- Brain tumours, both malignant and benign
- Substance abuse or use of recreational drugs
Brain haemorrhage is more common in elderlies as compared to children owing to the fact that the blood vessels and arteries of the former are quite worn out and can easily rupture leading to blood leak. Brain haemorrhage in children is usually caused by congenital anomalies in the blood vessels, haematological diseases, brain tumours and septicaemia. In the case of infants, the condition may be due to trauma or blow suffered in the mother's womb during childbirth.
State of the art diagnostic procedures offered at Vimhans Nayati
Various diagnostic procedures offered at Vimhans Nayati for the detection and assessment of brain haemorrhages are as under:
- Computerized tomographic scan or CT scan
- Magnetic resonance imaging or MRI scan
- Lumbar puncture for the examining the cerebrospinal fluid
- Cerebral angiography
How can the surgery help you?
Though mild brain haemorrhage can be managed with the help of certain medication, surgical intervention is a must to treat severe brain haemorrhage and majorly focuses on relieving the pressure that has been buildingup on the brain due to blood accumulation. In case of burst aneurysms, surgeons may recommend craniotomy followed by clipping of the affected artery.