The Department of Cardiac Sciences at Vimhans Nayati Hospital is known for its up to date treatments and facilities which are backed by the expertise of our specialised team of doctors and surgeons. The department specialises in all kinds of heart procedures ranging from the traditional conventional surgeries to minimally invasive procedures like balloon valvuloplasty. Also known as balloon valvotomy, valvuloplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that helps to treat obstructed or narrowed heart valves, so as to restore the normal flow of blood and negate the risks of any serious complication.
Balloon valvuloplasty is not an option for everyone and your eligibility for the same is determined by performing certain tests. The procedure has proved to be a boon for hundreds and thousands of patients who could not undergo conventional surgery.
Balloon valvuloplasty is indicated in symptomatic narrowing of the valves.
How to prepare for Balloon Valvuloplasty?
Before the procedure, you will be required to go for certain screenings and tests to determine your eligibility for the same. These include:
- Chest X-rays
You need to inform your doctor about all the medicines that you are taking presently as you might be required to stop taking these or start new ones. In case you are allergic to the contrast dye, iodine or seafood, inform your doctor about the same.
You also need to notify your doctor if you are pregnant.
What happens during the procedure?
Balloon Valvuloplasty is carried out using cardiac catheterization technique and is performed under the influence of local anaesthesia. The catheter is introduced in one of the major vessels via the groin or by making a tiny incision on the patient's arm or leg. The catheter is then guided towards the affected valve using the imaging guidance technique. Once the catheter is in place, the balloon is inflated to open the narrowed valve. The doctor may inflate and deflate the balloon several times and once the problem has been treated effectively, the catheter is removed along with the balloon.
What to expect after the procedure?
After the procedure, you will be kept under keen observation for a few hours and then shifted to your room. Patients are usually discharged within 3 to 4 days. There are a few things that are to be taken care of post-surgery. The patient needs to:
- Avoid any sort of rigorous activity
- Go for regular follow-ups
- Take the prescribed medication religiously
In case you experience any discomfort, it is important to inform your doctor about the same so that necessary measures can be taken.
Benefits of Balloon Valvuloplasty
Various benefits of balloon valvuloplasty include:
- Minimal scarring owing to smaller incisions
- Decreased blood loss
- Reduced risks of infection
- Shorter hospital stays and faster recovery
- Shorter procedure period.