The Department of Spine Surgery at Vimhans Nayati hospital is backed by state-of-the-art surgical modalities for the treatment and management of a wide spectrum of spinal ailments and conditions. Our areas of expertise include both traditional, endoscopic as well as minimally invasive surgery. Minimally invasive spine surgery as the name suggests offers a least invasive approach to address various spinal issues and ailments. Since there are no long incisions, as in case of the traditional spine surgery, it helps to alleviate the risks of damage to the surrounding muscles and tissues, hence resulting in minimal pain and faster recovery. Majority of surgical procedures that were earlier carried out via the traditional approach can now be performed using minimally invasive techniques.
The procedure involves the use of a small, tube-shaped device known as a tubular retractor, which helps to gently move the soft tissues and muscles to pave way for the introduction of the surgical tools. The whole procedure is carried out with the help of an operating microscope that helps to generate real-time images for guiding the surgeon
Major indications of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery
Most people suffering from back pain do not need any surgery at all as a problem can be easily managed with medication and therapy. However, if the pain is persistent and progressive, you may be recommended to go for spine surgery. All the spine surgery cannot fix all kinds of spine problems, it can surely help to treat and manage a plethora of conditions. Some of the major indications of minimally invasive spine surgery include:
- Herniated disc
- Congenital or acquired deformities in the spine
- Spinal stenosis caused by the narrowing of the spinal openings
- Spinal instability triggered by injury or an underlying condition
- Vertebral fractures
- Tumour or cyst in the spine
- Severe infection affecting the spine
What happens during the procedure?
The surgery is carried out under the influence of local anaesthesia so as to numb the concerned area. General anaesthesia may also be used in some cases depending upon the preference of the patients and their detailed medical evaluation.
- The patient's vitals are taken and this is done time and again throughout the surgery to ensure that there is no complication.
- 2 to 3 small incisions are made on the patient's back to introduce the tubular retractor so as to expose the affected areas of the spine and pave way for introducing the surgical instruments.
- This is followed by the insertion of the surgical tools which are guided with the help of a surgical microscope. This helps to generate enlarged images of the affected area.
- After the repairs are done, the surgical instruments, camera and retractor are carefully removed and the incisions are closed using stitches, glue or staples.
- The patient is kept under keen observation for some time and usually discharged within 3 to 4 days.
Benefits of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery
- Faster recovery
- Shorter procedural period
- Minimal scarring
- Very little blood loss
- Alleviated chances of infection