Backed by state-of-the-art facilities and committed to unparalleled treatment and care, the Centre of Excellence for Neurosciences at Vimhans Nayati Super Speciality Hospital is one of the most trusted choices of parents when it comes to the treatment of a wide gamut of paedatric neurologic ailments in their little ones. Though neurological conditions can affect people of all age groups the treatments can vary significantly depending upon the age and this is the reason why we have a separate unit managed by an exemplary team of the best paediatric neurologists in the country.
We offer treatment and management facilities for a wide range of neurological ailments, both congenital as well as those acquired later. These include:
- Hydrocephalus – The condition is marked by the accumulation of unhealthy amounts of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain cavities i.e. subarachnoid space. Acquired hydrocephalus is usually a result of an injury, underlying disease or tumour, that prevents the absorption of the fluids in the brain, whereas congenital hydrocephalus is triggered by birth malformations and defects.
- Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis – Commonly known as ADEM, it is a rare disorder that is more likely to affect children. The condition is marked by severe inflammation in the brain and spinal cord that damages the myelin. In the majority of cases, it is triggered by a viral or bacterial infection. The condition can be effectively managed with proper treatment.
- Aneurysms – Paediatric aneurysms are usually a result of severe trauma to the brain which weakens the arterial wall and causes the artery to become enlarged. This may be triggered by injuries sustained in an accident or the side-effect of brain surgery. Aneurysms can also be triggered by bacterial infections. The condition is more likely to affect boys as compared to girls.
- Arterial Dissection – It refers to a tear in the lining of the artery, which on becoming larger forms a tiny pouch, commonly referred to as false lumen. Marked by symptoms like droopy eyelids, headaches and neck pain, the condition can increase the risks of stroke as the blood that starts to accumulate in the false lumen can trigger clot formation that can restrict the normal blood flow.
- Autism Spectrum Disorders -It is an umbrella term used for a group of developmental disabilities that can trigger social and behavioural changes as well as impact your child's communication skills. The child might show repetitive behaviour and have different ways of learning or reacting to a particular situation. The condition develops during childhood and lasts as long as the person lives. Proper treatment can help to manage the condition and improve the quality of the patient's life.
- Brain Tumors – Paediatric brain tumours are masses or growths that develop in a child’s brain as a result of the uncontrollable multiplication of unhealthy cells that may be cancerous or non-cancerous. The former is commonly referred to as malignant brain tumours whereas the latter is known as benign brain tumours. Brain tumours can be treated effectively if detected early. Delaying the treatment often leads to complications that add to the complexity of the treatment.
- Cerebral Palsy – CP is one of the most common childhood motor disabilities that majorly affect the child’s ability to move and maintain the right balance & posture. The symptoms associated with CP usually vary from one child to another and can worsen over time. In some cases, the child may not present any symptoms for a month or even a year. In the majority of cases, the symptoms become evident before the child crosses 3 years of age.
- Congenital Brain Malformations–It is a blanket term used for various neurological deformities that are present in a child since birth. These usually develop in the womb and develop shortly after conception. Also known as congenital brain anomalies, these can affect both the structure as well as the functioning of the brain.
- Epilepsy – Paediatric epilepsy is marked by recurrent episodes of unprovoked or uncontrollable seizures triggered by a variety of underlying neurologic conditions. The seizures may last up to a few seconds or even for a couple of minutes. Merely experiencing one seizure does not mean that your little one has epilepsy and its diagnosis requires at least 2 unprovoked episodes of seizures.
- Multiple Sclerosis–Paediatric MS is an autoimmune disease in which the white blood cells enter the nervous system and damage the myelin sheath leading to inflammation and swelling. MS is a chronic disease that can progress even after the symptoms are relieved, which makes it pertinent to go for regular evaluation and assessment.
- Stroke – Paediatric stroke or cerebrovascular accident is a neurologic condition marked by the disrupted blood supply to the brain as a result of which the brain cells start to die. The condition is more common in adults as compared to children and the latter tend to recover more easily.